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Significant increase in major depression reported during recent recession

first_imgShare on Twitter The study is the first to evaluate the population-wide impact of the Great Recession on mental health.The study was a collaboration among Loyola researchers in the Department of Public Health Sciences and Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Neurosciences.Prevalence of both major and less severe depression was highest among adults who were living in poverty or had less than a high school education. “The mental health of these vulnerable populations may be most affected during time periods of economic distress, but more research is needed,” researchers wrote.It’s plausible, researchers concluded, that the Great Recession’s negative effects on employment, housing security, and stock investments contributed to the sustained increase in major depression. However, they noted it is possible other factors could have played a role.“The impact of the economic downturn on depression prevalence should be considered when formulating future policies and programs to promote and maintain the health of the U.S. population,” researchers wrote.The Great Recession officially began in December, 2007, and lasted for 18 months. But the effects of the recession, including high unemployment and home foreclosures and reduced consumer confidence, remained high even after the recession officially ended in June, 2009. During the past decade, more than 8 million jobs were lost and about 3 million homes were foreclosed.Researchers analyzed data from 24,182 adults who participated in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey during the years 2005 to 2012. Respondents were judged to be depressed depending on their answers to a depression questionnaire. The questionnaire asked about such depression criteria as depressed mood or irritability; decreased interest or pleasure in most activities; feelings of worthlessness or guilt; thoughts of suicide; and fatigue or loss of energy. Email Pinterest Share on Facebookcenter_img The recent Great Recession was accompanied by a significant and sustained increase in major depression in U.S. adults, according to a Loyola study published in the Journal of Clinical Psychiatry.Prevalence of major depression increased from 2.33 percent during the years 2005-2006 to 3.49 percent in 2009-2010 to 3.79 percent in 2011-2012, according to the study by Loyola University Chicago Stritch School of Medicine researchers.Prevalence of less-severe depression increased from 4.1 percent in 2005-2006 to 4.79 percent in 2009-2010, but then declined to 3.68 percent in 2011-2012. LinkedIn Sharelast_img read more

Flu Scan for Aug 01, 2016

first_imgStudy: 1918 pandemic flu survivors led average-length livesContrary to some hypotheses, 1918 pandemic flu did not shorten the lifespan of survivors, at least in male soldiers, New Zealand researchers reported today in Epidemiology and Infection.The investigators analyzed individual military files of 1,107 soldiers on a troop transport vessel that had experienced an outbreak of pandemic flu in 1918 and compared them with 1,108 randomly selected personnel from two other troop ships that did not have an outbreak.They found no statistically significant difference in the lifespans of the outbreak cohort, which was 71.5 years, and the comparison cohort, which was 71.0. In fact, the outbreak cohort was slightly more likely to survive past 1950 and to participate in World War II (comparisons just passed statistical significance for those two measures, at P = 0.036 and 0.043, respectively).Aug 1 Epidemiol Infect abstract Cote d’Ivoire reports 10 H5N1 outbreaks affecting 33,000 poultryCote d’Ivoire in West Africa last week reported 10 outbreaks of H5N1 avian flu to the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) affecting flocks in the central, eastern, and southern parts of the country and more than 33,000 domestic birds.Onset dates of the outbreak vary from Mar 12 to Jul 4, and flock sizes range from 11 in a backyard flock to a farm of 27,453 chickens. A cockerel sampled as part of surveillance of live-bird markets also tested positive back in March.All told, 4,253 poultry fell ill, and all but 5 of them died. The combined flocks totaled 33,348 birds. Animal health officials have enacted steps such as disinfection of the premises and surveillance zones around each affected flock.Cote d’Ivoire is one of several countries highlighted a couple weeks ago when the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) called for more surveillance and other steps to address Africa’s ongoing problem with highly pathogenic H5N1 avian flu.Jul 27 OIE report Jul 14 CIDRAP News story “FAO calls for more surveillance after African H5N1 outbreaks”last_img read more

Attorney General William Barr Announces Launch Of Operation Relentless Pursuit Targeting Violent Crime

first_img“The men and women of ATF are deeply committed to and focused on reducing crime gun violence in our communities,” Acting Director Lombardo said. “We are proud that our efforts have significantly contributed to the historic reductions in violence that our nation has realized in recent years. Project Relentless Pursuit combines the resources of ATF, DEA, FBI and U.S. Marshals to support our state and local law enforcement partners in those cities that – regrettably – continue to be plagued by rates of violent crime that are simply too high. Through Relentless Pursuit, we pledge to hold accountable the trigger-pullers, firearm traffickers, violent criminals and those who supply them the guns to terrorize our communities. ATF will aggressively utilize every available tool, including our crime gun enforcement teams, National Integrated Ballistic Information Network and firearms tracing to identify, investigate and support the prosecution of the most violent firearm offenders.” “The U.S. Marshals Service is proud of the integral role we play in supporting Attorney General Barr’s strong leadership and commitment to combating violent crime and enhancing public safety throughout our nation,” Director Washington said. “We will continue to work with our local, state and federal partners to make communities safer by addressing violent crime at its core and taking the worst of the worst fugitives and other felons off the streets.” “Americans deserve to live in safety,” Barr said. “And while nationwide violent crime rates are down, many cities continue to see levels of extraordinary violence. Operation Relentless Pursuit seeks to ensure that no American city is excluded from the peace and security felt by the majority of Americans, while also supporting those who serve and protect in these communities with the resources, training, and equipment they need to stay safe.” The Operation will involve increasing the number of federal law enforcement officers to the selected cities, as well as bulking up federal task forces through collaborative efforts with state and local law enforcement partners. The surge in federal agents will be complemented by a financial commitment of up to $71 million in federal grant funding that can be used to hire new officers, pay overtime and benefits, finance federally deputized task force officers and provide mission-critical equipment and technology. DETROIT, MI — U.S. Attorney General William P. Barr announced Wednesday the launch of Operation Relentless Pursuit, an initiative aimed at combating violent crime in seven of America’s most violent cities, including Albuquerque, through a surge in federal resources. “Drug traffickers – including cartels and street gangs – will stop at nothing to turn a profit, often using violence and intimidation to expand their reach,” Acting Administrator Dhillon said. “This targeted surge of resources will further strengthen our ability to work with our federal, state, and local partners to pursue the worst offenders and make our communities safer.”center_img Attorney General William P. Barr “The FBI remains committed to providing our specialized expertise and resources to assist our federal, state and local partners fighting violent crime,” Director Wray said. “We are here today to reaffirm our dedication to reducing violent crime in the cities selected for Operation Relentless Pursuit to combat the threats that arise from gangs and criminal enterprises that drive violence in the communities we are sworn to protect.” AG News: Joined at a press conference in Detroit by DEA Acting Administrator Uttam Dhillon, ATF Acting Director Regina Lombardo, FBI Director Christopher A. Wray and United States Marshals Service Director Donald W. Washington, Barr pledged to intensify federal law enforcement resources in Albuquerque, Baltimore, Cleveland, Detroit, Kansas City, Memphis and Milwaukee – seven American cities with violent crime levels several times the national average.last_img read more

GPE confirms Piccadilly buy

first_imgWould you like to read more?Register for free to finish this article.Sign up now for the following benefits:Four FREE articles of your choice per monthBreaking news, comment and analysis from industry experts as it happensChoose from our portfolio of email newsletters To access this article REGISTER NOWWould you like print copies, app and digital replica access too? SUBSCRIBE for as little as £5 per week.last_img

Easing the burden on employment tribunals

first_img Gordon Turner, Partners Law, London W1 There seems to be a consensus that our employment tribunals are unable to cope with the rise in claims. Much of the weight could be lifted simply by a tightened approach on compliance with directions. Employment lawyers are familiar with tribunal orders that contain references to all kinds of heavy sanctions, but in practice they are largely ignored, leaving great uncertainty about the merits until the last moment, by which time a case will have been set down for hearing. Settlements or withdrawals at such a late stage inevitably clog up the system, creating disproportionate legal costs, and dilute the chance for using disciplinary powers, including strike out. As cases should be listed within 26 weeks, the failure to enforce directions on a timely basis allows nuisance-type claims to continue with a cloak of respectability. Equally, respondents need to know quickly if they are facing a losing battle. Some clients are literally agog at the degree to which the case management process is treated with disdain by some (not all, of course) claimants. By holding back details – such as proof of lost earnings – employers are often delayed in assessing whether to consider even commercial settlements. At the more serious end of the scale, I have seen claimants lying on oath about their earning activities, while actively hiding the fact of their being in receipt of earnings. This is with a view to securing unjustified payments and yet is often met with no more than a shrug of the shoulders. One of the main bugbears of employers I represent is that, with such a liberal regime and the very high hurdle for any kind of costs penalty, there is no downside to this kind of misconduct. Tolerating this kind of thing gives the tribunals a bad name. If more of the speculative claims could be fairly managed out earlier in the game, there would be more room for the deserving litigants.last_img read more

ALP wins FLNG towage contract

first_imgALP will use three of its 24,000 bhp Future-class vessels to tow the platform from South Korea to offshore Mozambique. On arrival, two additional 19,000 bhp vessels will be used to keep the FLNG platform in position while mooring chains are connected.On completion of the mooring operation, two of the five ALP vessels will stay onsite to support further maritime operations.The contracts were awarded to ALP by TJJV – a joint venture between TechnipFMC and JGC.www.alpmaritime.comlast_img

High-speed network starts to grow

first_imgINTRO: Financing and construction of the Belgian high-speed network has had to evolve to meet changing circumstances. But work is now under way on almost every element in the jigsaw, with completion of the northern and eastern branches envisaged by 2005BYLINE: Ir Johan MeynsChief ExecutiveTUC Rail SAALL ACROSS THE rolling countryside between Brussels and Liège construction teams are hard at work. Alongside the E40 motorway, parallelling the existing tracks, and cutting through the Ardennes hills, work is in full swing on the eastern leg of Belgium’s Y-shaped high-speed network. The story is the same between Brussels and Antwerpen. Reconstruction of the existing four-track main line is proceeding apace, and deep under the northern city’s Central Station the foundations for the new through platforms are being put into place. The two routes will complete Belgian National Railways’ 314 km high-speed network, which will comprise 200 km of passenger-only new lines suitable for 300 to 320 km/h running and 114 km of existing mixed-traffic routes upgraded for 200 to 220 km/h operation.Development of the three-branch network is being project managed by TUC Rail SA, a wholly-owned subsidiary of SNCB. The western leg from Brussels to the French border near Antoing was put into service in December 1997, and both the northern branch to the Netherlands and the eastern branch to Germany are due to be completed by 2005.Although the western branch is in service, there is still some work to be completed. SNCB has budgeted Ecu100m to finish the line itself, and another Ecu200m for property development at Brussels Midi station. In Halle where the high-speed line rejoins domestic tracks through the Brussels suburbs, cut-and-cover tunnels were built to carry the two high-speed tracks and two domestic tracks under the station site. Remodelling of the rest of the station and construction of new buildings will take another two years. With TBL cab signalling and automatic train protection installed, the line speed on this section will then be lifted from 160 to 220 km/h.More important is the work at Brussels Midi, which is expected to take until 2004 to complete. The six high-speed platform tracks (two for Eurostar and four for Thalys) are at the extreme western side of the station, whilst the high-speed tracks are on the eastern side of the main line. A new flyover will solve this problem, but the rest of the approaches will be remodelled to improve domestic operations. The station itself, which dates from just after World War II, is also to be modernised. Besides the improved comfort and integration, this finishing touch will save another 5 min on the journey times to and from Paris and London.Commercial success alreadyThe start of commercial operation of the western branch in December 1997 quickly brought very satisfying results, in terms of both load factor and market share. The 1998 results for the Paris – Brussels Thalys service are shown in Table I. This shows how the high speed trains have won a sizeable share of the total travel market between the two cities in little more than a year, and confirm that rail is well placed for the years ahead. At present seven Thalys trains continue beyond Brussels to Klast_img read more

Test running on next Ethiopian line to start in August

first_imgETHIOPIA: Test running on the first phase of the Awash – Woldiya/Hara Gebeya Railway is on course to begin by the end of August, Ethiopian Railways Corp has announced. In June 2012 ERC signed a US$1·7bn turnkey contract for Turkish firm Yapı Merkezi to build the 389 route-km electrified standard gauge line running north to Woldiya from Awash, where it will connect with the Djibouti – Addis Ababa line which opened last year. The route will pass through challenging terrain, reaching an altitude of 2 122 m and requiring six tunnels. ERC reported that work was 54% complete at the end of June, with track now laid on 250 km of the 391 km route. China Communications Construction Co is building the next 220 km north from Hara Gebeya to Mek’ele under a separate US$1·5bn contract. Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn laid the ceremonial foundation stone for this project in February 2015, and construction is now 46% complete.last_img read more

Togo crowns their beauty queen for 2016

first_img D’Almeida Mawubedzro Kokoe Balbina won the highly contested sought-after Miss Togo 2016 crown Saturday night. The 20 year old journalism student beat 19 contestants to win the 22nd edition of the West African’s beauty contest.Before an audience of over 3,000 people in the Congress hall of Lome and excited online media, the beauty towering at the height of 1.8m won a Citroen car, 58,531 US dollars funding, a paid stay in Europe, a year of insurance and special financing for her social development projects according to Xinhua.“I expect to become a very influential presenter and popularize talk-show across the African continent,” said the new Miss TogoHer predecessor Miss Togo 2015 Adzoh Akou Yayra Gaelle graced the occasion making the end of her one year term. Gaelle said that she got the ‘opportunity to go to the school of life” during her reign.Kankoue-Aho Kokoe Brenda Eyram, 18-year-old student in management and financing, and Blandeye Ella Fortunee Stephanie, 21-year-old student in certified accountancy came second and third respectivelyAs #MissTogo2016 trended online, here are some of the posts Togo 2016, Mlle d’ALMEIDA Kokoe Balbina #MissTogo2016 #Team228 #CréationsBamondi— SAMBIANI Aminika (@TracyAminika) August 28, 2016last_img read more

Decision Made To Close Lochside Dental Clinic – Dumfries

first_img“People understand that the Scottish Government are trying to force local Health Boards down this route by encouraging them to close NHS salaried dentists in favour of supporting private dentists who take on NHS patients, but I suspect local people will be appalled that NHS services are being cut in favour of supporting what is essentially the private sector. A lack of funding from the Scottish Government has also left NHS Dumfries and Galloway with a £20m blackhole but the local NHS have already agreed funding for the clinic for the year ahead. So overall this decision is an unnecessary attack on one of our most deprived communities in our region and shows utter contempt for the local community by members of the Health Board”. Colin Smyth said: Commenting, Galloway and West Dumfries MSP said:“It is hugely important that communities such as Lochside have the health services they need.“I am disappointed to learn that constituents have not been given the opportunity to join a dental practice close to their homes. “How can we expect to improve dental health while closing down vital services in the communities that most need them.“The Lochside Dental Practice should not go.”South Scotland MSP and Shadow Health Minister Colin Smyth has accused NHS Dumfries and Galloway of showing contempt for the community in North West Dumfries after members of the Health Board voted today (Monday 7 August) to close Lochside Dental Clinic- the last NHS salaried dentist in the region. “This is a real blow to the community in North West Dumfries. I have no doubt whatsoever that it will mean a lower take up in dental care by people in the area, where we already have huge health inequalities. The Health Board have been determined to close this dental practise for some time which is why they banned anyone registering for the past four years. Given that there are now no dental clinics anywhere in the town north of the River Nith, and no health care facilities in the heart of North West Dumfries at all, you have to question NHS Dumfries and Galloway’s commitment to the area”center_img AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to FacebookFacebookFacebookShare to TwitterTwitterTwitterShare to LinkedInLinkedInLinkedInAt its meeting on the 7th August 2017 the NHS Board agreed the following option in relation to provision of routine NHS Dental Services by the Public Dental Service from Lochside Dental Clinic:Complete withdrawal of routine NHS General Dental Services at Lochside Dental Clinic, with patients being supported to transfer to Independent Dental Contractor Practices for continued provision of NHS Dental Services.A plan to implement this option will now be developed.Until notified otherwise patients registered for NHS dental services at Lochside Dental Clinic should continue to access the clinic for ongoing dental care.The NHS Board is committed to ensuring that patients of the clinic continue to access NHS dental care.It is also focused on supporting improvements in the oral health of those living in the Lochside and Lincluden area through a range of approaches with key partners as detailed in the recommendations of the Lochside and Lincluden Oral Health Needs Assessment Report.Any resident living in the Lochside and Lincluden area who is not currently registered with a dentist can contact the dental helpline on 0845 602 6417 for further information on NHS practices accepting patients.Local MSP Finlay Carson has called for the retention of Lochside Dental Practice amidst fears NHS Dumfries and Galloway will scrap the service.The fate of the practice is due to be decided at the NHS Dumfries and Galloway Health Board today (7th August).In a letter to the Board, Carson calls for the dental practice to remain open, with every effort made to promote the service in the local community. North West Dumfries Councillor Ronnie Nicholson echoed the disgust at the closure decision. Councillor Nicholson said:last_img read more