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The term “manorial rights” may sound like a feud to be battled over in Game of Thrones, but in reality it refers to ancient rights over land and minerals that can have substantial implications for modern developments. Recent changes in the law requiring registration of the rights have brought them to the attention of the media and the public.Manorial rights are historic rights of former lords of the manor that were preserved then the original manor was broken up years ago. They include rights over mines and minerals; sporting rights; and the right to hold fairs/markets. Many people may have no idea that their property is affected.Although no new manorial rights have been created since 1925, a vast number still exist. It is therefore critical for any developer to understand whether target land is subject to any rights.Developers need to excavate to install foundations, basements and subterranean utilities. If this disturbs a mineral seam owned by the lord rather than the property owner, the lord could claim trespass or damages, or apply for an injunction to stop the works. Although there are counter-arguments that surface works are permitted, running them is time-consuming and expensive, and will delay development.Similarly, if the developer wishes to sell, any known rights will need to be disclosed, which may deter purchasers. The issue is particularly topical in areas such as Cornwall, where deposits of indium are now being mined for LCD displays.As a general rule, the lord will not have an immediate right to excavate, but must negotiate with the property owner, and any proposed mining will still require planning consent. However, it can be a most unwelcome surprise to discover that you do not own valuable minerals beneath your own property.The media has tried to make much of this in respect of fracking. In fact, ownership of rights to oil and gas is much more complicated and involves the Crown or Coal Authority as well as the lord and the property owner. Specialist advice should be sought for properties in areas where fracking may take place.The Land Registry received 90,000 applications in 18 months, compared to 3,200 in the previous decadeHistorically, there was no requirement to register the rights. Consequently, many people were oblivious to them. In 2002, the government decided to create transparency over third party rights. The Land Registration Act 2002 set a “use it or lose it” deadline of 12 October 2013 for registering manorial rights.This prompted a flurry of applications by large estate owners like the Duchy of Cornwall and the Church. The Land Registry received 90,000 applications in 18 months, compared to 3,200 in the previous decade. Rather than transparency, the law created worry for people receiving notices they did not understand.Owners of manorial rights had until 12 October 2013 to register cautions against first registration for unregistered land, or notices for registered land. If they have not done so, and the land is sold without this being done, it will become free of the rights. However, if the land has not changed hands since 12 October 2013, an application can still be made.For this reason, while the rush to beat the deadline brought the issue to the attention of the media and the Justice Committee, many new applications could still be submitted.One difficulty with manorial rights is that the burden of proof does not lie with the lord when they apply to register them, but on the owner of the property when they challenge them. Providing proof can be time-consuming and expensive, or even impossible. Meanwhile nebulous rights will deter purchasers.The developer should carry out research before committing resources to the development. This could include Land Registry index map and franchises and manors searches; brine or coal holdings searches; or an enquiry agent’s report. Legal advice should be sought on the title to the property.Title indemnity insurance can usually be purchased to protect against claims during construction and the subsequent purchaser. This will not remove the issue, but it can cover the majority of the costs.Finally, if the developer is concerned, it could seek an indemnity from the seller. However, this will only be useful if the seller is a strong covenant. It is therefore less likely to be useful than research and insurance.There has been much in the press about the impact on house prices, and fears that home owners may not be able to re-mortgage. In practice, we have not seen that this has been the case. Nonetheless, given the rapid changes in technology and mining for different materials, the prudent developer will be wary and will take precautions.Jill Carey is senior associate in the real estate disputes team and Luke Callaghan is senior associate in the private client team at international law firm Taylor Wessing
Located on the Russian Black Sea coast, Sochi is not particularly well served by European carriers and there is currently limited air freight capacity. Air Partner will operate a cargo service every Monday between November 18, 2013 and February 7, 2014 from Frankfurt directly to Sochi.Mike Hill, regional manager, Air Partner Freight Group, commented: “Access to Sochi is currently very limited; many freight shipments route via Moscow and are then trucked on to Sochi, involving a long transit time. Air Partner’s new full freighter service, the ‘Sochi Express’, is the only non-stop air service currently scheduled between Europe and Sochi.” www.airpartner.com
Ocean 7 is a Denmark headquartered shipping line operating a fleet of 10 multipurpose/heavy lift vessels. It expects to take delivery of the newbuild vessel Abis Esbjerg, which will come equipped with two 150-tonne lift capacity cranes, at the end of July 2015. An Ocean 7 statement claimed Kestrel secured this contract owing to its long-standing involvement in the heavy lift and project shipping industry.www.ocean7projects.com
SLOVAKIA: Infrastructure manager ŽSR has opened a public intermodal freight terminal at Lužianky in near Nitra to serve the Jaguar Land Rover car factory which was officially inaugurated on October 25.The Jaguar Land Rover plant has the capacity to produce 150 000 cars a year. Up to 80% of its production is expected to be carried by rail, and ŽSR expects the TIP Lužianky terminal to generate revenue of at least €2·7m a year.The rail terminal was designed by Prodex and construction was undertaken by Strabag at a cost of €39·9m, funded from ŽSR’s own resources. It offers storage and warehousing space, with four tracks able to accommodate 700 m long trains and two double-deck ramps for loading automotive wagons ramps.The site is linked to the rail network via a 1·8 km single-track spur which partly uses the alignment of the Lužianky to Dražovce line closed in 2003.
College student Grace (Amy Groening) receives what she thinks is a silly Halloween-themed meme on her room-mate Zoe’s (Marletta Laan) computer. Asking what her worst fear is, Grace submits an answer and a message on the informs her that she’s been saved. When her room-mate refuses to take part, she receives a threatening message warning that her worst fear is about to come after her. The girls take no notice but when tragedy strikes, Grace teams up with computer nerd Spencer (T. Thomason) to find out where the meme is coming from and put a stop to it.Halloween Party is the latest project from filmmaker Jay Dahl and it’s one that packs much more of a punch than you’ll expect from the start. Taking inspiration from The Ring and giving it a post-modern twist, Dahl delivers a film that will definitely catch you off-guard. For the first 30-minutes or so, the film establishes a nice balance between horror and comedy but after that point, it takes off its gloves and sucker punches you time-after-time. As Grace and Spencer piece together what’s really going on, the scares come thick and fast.It’s really hard to say more about the film’s plot without giving too much away. I would definitely say the synopsis released for it gives you way more of the plot than you should know going into it. Part of the fun of the film is looking for clues along with Grace and Spencer because that way the full horror of the situation dawns on you at the same time it does them. The second half of the film is proper edge-of-the-seat stuff and there are some fantastic scares.Credit: Unannounced Film Company LtdHalloween Party goes for tension and suspense rather than blood and guts, and that works in its favour. The visual effects are very impressive and there’s one particular scene that’ll make you terrified to sit on the toilet ever again. That’s all I’m saying but just typing those words gives me shivers down my spine.Amy Groening and T. Thomason make for a very dynamic duo as Grace and Spencer. I really appreciated Dahl’s choice not to try and match them up romantically. The film didn’t need it and they form such a strong chemistry as a platonic duo, it would have ruined that. The two actors bounce off one another, trading quips but also convincing you that they form a quick and believable bond. They are wonderful to watch and definitely one of the keys to the film’s success.Halloween Party was a complete surprise and one of the scariest films at this year’s Arrow Video FrightFest. Packed with effective scares and two very strong lead performances, the film is one of the big surprises at the festival. Dahl is obviously a big horror fan and Halloween Party unravels like a love letter to the jump scare horrors that dominated the 80s. I had an absolute ball watching it and I can’t recommend it highly enough.Cast: Amy Groening, T. Thomason, Zach Faye, Shelley Thompson Director: Jay Dahl Writer: Jay Dahl Certificate: TBC Duration: 92 mins Released by: Unannounced Film Company Ltd
Kenya Airways postpones flight to Somalia Kenya Airways said Tuesday it will increase frequencies to three regional tourist destinations in Kenya’s Mombasa as well as Zanzibar and Kilimanjaro in Tanzania in July and August due to huge demand.The airline said the increased frequency will also cover the Juba in South Sudan and Rwanda’s Kigali routes as a result of increased demand during the peak travel season.Ursula Silling, Kenya Airways chief commercial officer said the key routes and additional frequencies are part of Kenya Airways’ network expansion strategy which is essential to the ongoing financial turnaround.“The additional frequencies will ensure we serve our customers better, more efficiently and in a timely manner. This will also play an important role in growing our business in addition to supporting the tourism industry,” Silling said in a statement issued in Nairobi.As part of the airline’s five year plan, the Kenyan carrier will continue to invest in its network and new routes, including an increase in capacity for both long and short haul destinations.Silling said the coastal city of Mombasa will see an increase of two flights to 12 daily with customers travelling to Kilimanjaro enjoying an additional flight bringing the total flights to two daily.He said the Juba, Zanzibar and Kigali routes will each see an additional flight with four flights to Juba per week (Monday, Wednesday, Friday & Sunday), five flights to Zanzibar per week (Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Saturday & Sunday) and daily flights to Kigali.The official said the airline will also increase passenger seating capacity for leisure destinations by operating the Boeing 737-800 to Livingstone, Victoria Falls in Zimbabwe and South Africa’s Cape Town with a similar aircraft flying to Mauritius on Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday.According to Silling, the airline recently increased frequencies to Rome, Geneva, Mauritius, New York, Libreville, Mogadishu and Malindi. He said Amsterdam, Paris, Bujumbura and Cape Town frequencies have also been increased.“One of our priority areas is the financial turnaround of the organization with a key focus on network expansion, customer excellence and prudential financial management,” Ursula said.Kenya Airways served an average of 13,258 passengers daily in the last financial year, an increase from 12,484 in 2017.Related Northern Kenya offers favorable tourist destinations Kenya Airways resumes flights to South Sudan
AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to FacebookFacebookFacebookShare to TwitterTwitterTwitterShare to LinkedInLinkedInLinkedInSTRANRAER Scottish Week kicked off last weekend, Hundreds of people lined the street to enjoy the gala parade on Saturday the 21st of July.Runners UpThe winning float was Still Game – by Dance in Line (Main Image) and runners up were the Community Reuse Shop with – the Big Coo!Along with generous cash prizes the shield was donated and presented in memory of Audrey Watson by her daughter Tracy on behalf of the Watson family. The winning float was Still Game – by Dance in Line and runners up were the Community Reuse Shop with – the Big Coo!Celebrations draw to a close this evening July 27th, with a chance for you to put on your dancing shoes! Not to be missed – Ceilidh rounding off Stranraer Scottish Week. Two bands for the price of one! Fèis Rois & Wee Duff Orchestra. Tickets £8 available from The Ryan Centre and Theatre or Mark Mitchell.Images and info supplied by Julia MacDonald
(Jamaica Observer) A strong earthquake rocked several Caribbean countries yesterday evening, sending people scampering into the streets as buildings swayed, and walls collapsed damaging several vehicles.The Seismic Research Centre at the University of the West Indies (UWI) St Augustine campus in Trinidad measured the quake at 6.8, but the United States Geological Survey (USGS) put it at 7.3 and said it had a depth of 76 miles (123 kilometres). Its epicentre was 12 miles (20 kilometres) off the sparsely populated Cariaco peninsula that has seen several devastating quakes in the past.The quake, which occurred around 5:31 pm, was centred near the Venezuelan town of Guiria, and was felt in the capital, Caracas, and beyond Venezuela’s shores.It also shook several Caribbean countries, including Guyana, Barbados, Trinidad and Tobago, Grenada, and St Vincent and the Grenadines.In Trinidad and Tobago, where electricity poles fell and people ran into the streets screaming, Joan Latchman, a seismologist with The UWI Seismic Research Centre, said it was the strongest earthquake felt in Trinidad since December 2016.She said there were seven aftershocks within an hour of the quake, and that more were expected.Communications and National Security Minister Stuart Young, in an address to the nation, said that there was no need to panic.He said the Office of Disaster Preparedness and Management had been in contact with the Tsunami Centre in the Pacific and a tsunami watch and warning had been called off.He said while some areas of the island had been without electricity as a result of the quake, the Trinidad and Tobago Electricity Company was already in the field seeking to restore the service.Young said that the police were also out on the streets and “I am happy to report, despite a few reports of cracks, some damage to buildings… the Ministry of Works and Transport has engineers out and are checking all of the major bridges in Trinidad and Tobago”.He said the National Gas Company and two other local gas companies, which have a number of pipelines both on and offshore, have reported that all their infrastructure has been certified as being structurally safe “and right now we continue to monitor the situation”.“We are happy to report at this stage there are no reports of anyone being severely injured. We have also been in contact with the various hospitals, health centres… everything appears to be intact and we have no reports of any serious infrastructural damage,” Young said.Young said the country should be prepared for aftershocks and urged the population to be careful.In Grenada, the National Disaster Management Agency (NaDMA) said that the country and its dependencies were not under any tsunami watch or warning.“The motoring public and homeowners are advised to exercise caution as the shaking could have destabilised rocks and/or boulders around your home or along roadways. Vigilance is therefore encouraged by all,” the NaDMA said, adding that it had not received any information of damage caused by the quake, which it said “was the strongest felt on island”.In Venezuela, a witness in Cumana, the biggest city near the epicentre, said there were initial reports of several injuries at a shopping centre where an escalator fell, but there were no other immediate signs of damage in the vicinity.In downtown Caracas, concrete from the unfinished Tower of David office building fell to the sidewalk, creating a hazard.John Boquett, a firefighter captain in Caracas, said there were no initial reports of injuries or major damage in the capital.The quake was felt as far away as Colombia’s capital of Bogota, where authorities briefly closed the international airport to inspect for runway damage. In Caracas, office workers and residents fled their buildings and homes.The confusing moments after the quake were captured on state television as Diosdado Cabello, the head of the all-powerful constitutional assembly, was delivering a speech at a march in support of the socialist Government’s recent package of reforms to rescue an economy beset by hyperinflation and widespread shortages.“Quake!” people yelled as Cabello and others looked from side to side with a mixture of laughter and concern. “It’s the Bolivarian revolution speaking to the world,” Cabello thundered to applause.A similar-sized quake in the same area left dozens dead in 1997.Interior Minister Nestor Reverol said that disaster relief teams had been activated but so far there were no reports of fatalities.“We ask for the greatest patience and tranquillity from the Venezuelan people,” he said in a televised address. “These situations require prudence.” NewsRegional Earthquake! by: – August 22, 2018 108 Views no discussions Share Tweet Sharing is caring! Share Share
Communication solutions provider, Norsat International, has announced the addition of new GaN block upconverters to their signature ATOM Series of BUCs. Norsat’s ATOM series of Ku and Ka-band GaN and GaAs BUCs are small, light, and extremely efficient. With industry leading size, weight, power and MIL-STD specs, these BUCs can be integrated into a variety of systems with the most stringent specifications and extreme form factors.The ATOM GaN block upconverters feature:Outstanding thermal managementExcellent SWaP balanceCompact, light, efficient designHigh customization abilityWeather-proof, rugged constructionShock and vibration proof construction3-Year warranty for standard BUCsThe new GaN BUCs are ideal for applications such as Airborne, RADAR, TWTA replacement, SOTM, COTP, Portable VSAT, CDL and more. The small size and low weight simplifies integration, saves space on platform and in transit cases and leads to lower vehicle payload weight. Norsat’s 80W Ku-band GaN ATOM BUC is 62% lighter and 70% smaller than competing products in the industry. In addition, the Norsat ATOM Series products are easily configured with Norsat’s exclusive ATOM Control software, an intuitive user interface that provides the ability to monitor and control ATOM Series BUCs and SSPAs.Norsat is showcasing the products at the the SATELLITE 2019 event in Washington, DC this week at booth #1235.Click here to view Norsat’s complete BUC portfolio.Click here to see everything RF’s coverage of the Satellite 2019 Event.